Saturday, May 25, 2013

Why We Get (Sick) Fat (and Sick Livers) - Lessons from a Cafeteria Rat

Since we're talking about fructose and the liver of late, I thought I'd bump this post.  In this study groups of rats were fed one of four diets.  The "low fat" diet is better described as a high sucrose diet as 35% of the diet was sucrose.  This replaced 35% of the fat in the 45% "high fat" diet.  While the LF and HF rats gained a little more weight than the standard (also LF at 12%) chow rats, it is clear that the high fat has rather more negative metabolic effects.  I don't think the 35% sucrose diet was beneficial, rather the contrary, but that level of sucrose consumption, every single day for 10-15 weeks (which is a very long time for a human) is also hardly indicative of even SAD consumption.

Original Posting:  3/8/11

It seems fairly generally accepted that whatever the cause or progression, the so-called Metabolic Syndrome, Syndrome X and Type 2 Diabetes are associated with a dysregulation of adipose tissue metabolism, and fat tissue that is infiltrated with macrophages and secretes excessive amounts of inflammatory molecules called adipokines (e.g. TNF-α, IL-6).   A term has been coined, adisopathy, to describe this "sick fat".  

I've recently discussed the "Cafeteria Rat" study  as pertains weight gain in general.  But the other thing about this study is that it looked at the fat tissue with the different dietary interventions.  To recap, four groups of rats were fed ad libitum different diets:
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